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The most famous polish sights

„How did I get here? I made a black and white film about the need for silence, withdrawal from the world and contemplation, and now I’m here – in the epicenter of noise and world’s attention. Life is full of surprises”.

A unesco world heritage site is a place where you can find the most valuable cultural or natural objects of world’s heritage. Some of them are in Poland – let’s see the most famous ones!

 

Cracow’s historic centre

The Old Town of the Cracow – former Polish capital. You can see Wawel Hill with royal castle, Jewish district called Kazimierz and medieval urban layout with old buildings. Others important places in Cracow’s center are e.g. market square with Cloth Hall, gothic church and city walls. Cracow is the city with a lot of monuments, museums and cultural events – this is the “must see” town in Poland.

Wieliczka salt mine

One of the oldest salt mines in the world – it was created in XIII century. Tourists can visit here 20 large chambers with 3 kilometers long route that is located from 64 to 135 meters below ground. In the chambers you can see a lot of sculptures made by salt.

Auschwitz concentration camp

Auschwitz was a network of Nazi concentration and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II. It was created in 1940 and today reminds next generations about how important the peace and brotherhood are. This place is important to memorize the history of Europe in XX century.

Białowieża forest

National park in the east part of Poland. It’s a forest complex with best-preserved natural deciduous. This is the region with the valuable wildlife – thousands of plants and animals. In big forests you can find e.g. bison (the symbol of this national park), lynx, wolf, fox and others unique species of animals.

Historical centre of Warsaw

The historical centre of Warsaw – the capital of Poland – reconstructed after II World War. Originally most of the buildings came from the XVII century, when king Zygmunt III Waza moved the capital from Cracow to Warsaw. The heart of the area is the Old Town Market Place, Royal Castle and cathedral.

Old city of Zamość

Zamość is the great representative of renaissance architecture; well it’s called “Pearl of Renaissance”. It was built in the XVI century in accordance with the Italian theories of the “ideal town”. The key monuments of Zamość are city hall, cathedral, synagogue and Zamoyski’s Palace.

Castle of the teutonic order in Malbork

The Castle in Malbork is the largest castle in the world by area. This brick castle at Malbork was the residence of the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and the largest structure of its kind in Medieval Europe.

Medieval town of Toruń

Toruń got one of the most imposing old town halls in northern Europe. It’s a small historic trading city that preserves to a remarkable extent its original street pattern and outstanding early buildings, and which provides an exceptionally complete picture of the medieval way of life. Toruń was also a hometown of famous astronomer – Nicolas Copernicus.

Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: the mannerist architectural and park landscape complex and pilgrimage park

The religious complex (calvary) founded by Governor of Kraków Mikołaj Zebrzydowski on December 1602. Complex in Kalwaria includes the church, the pilgrimage park and monastery. It was created in XVII century in the baroque style. The Calvary has two ways – Way of the Cross and Way of Compassion of God’s Mother with a lot of chapels.

Churches of peace in Jawor and Świdnica

The Churches were named after the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 which permitted the Lutherans in the Roman Catholic parts of Silesia to build three Evangelical churches from wood, loam and straw outside the city walls, without steeples and church bells. The construction time was limited to one year.

Wooden churches of southern lesser Poland

Six wooden churches from south part of Poland – in Haczów, Blizne, Binarowa, Sękowa, Dębno Podhalańskie and Lipnica Murowana. The oldest was built in XV century. The wooden church style of the region originated in the late Medieval, the late sixteenth century, and began with Gothic ornament and polychrome detail.

Mużakowski park

The landscape park of the eccentric Prince Her-mann Ludwig Heinrich von Pückler-Muskau in Bad Muskau, on the border with Germany. It is one of the most outstanding achievements in European landscape architecture of the XIX-th century. Occupying more than 1700 acres, it’s one of the largest landscape parks in Europe – it covers 3.5 square kilometers (1.4 sq mi) of land in Poland and 2.1 km2 (0.81 sq mi) in Germany.

Centennial hall in Wrocław

It was constructed between 1911 and 1913 to memorize the hundredth anniversary of the Battle of the Nations, fought with Napoleon in 1813. At the beginning it was a place of Centennial Exhibition. At the time of its construction, the Hall had the biggest reinforced concrete roofing in the world. The covering central cupola had 67 meters in diameter and the maximal width of the interior equals 95 meters.

Text by Anna Omiecińska